To deliver the new 9-1 GCSE it was recommended that schools increase their teaching time for maths. This led to difficult curriculum decisions for school leaders. We are not expecting to see a similar recommendation for A level. Although there are some content changes, I'm told that the difficulty of the new A level is meant to be equivalent to that of the current A level, so no extra teaching time is required. Also, all A level subjects must be delivered in the same number of teaching hours - timetables wouldn't work otherwise (eg students can't do 6 hours of maths and 4 hours of Psychology a week, it has to be the same amount for each subject). So let's assume that A level teaching time won't change. For me that's 10 hours a fortnight in Year 12 and 9 hours a fortnight in Year 13. If you're wondering how your school compares to others, here are the results of my Twitter poll:
Teaching structure and specialisms
For A level Maths all students will study a combination of pure maths, statistics and mechanics. There will no longer be an element of choice.
I currently teach pure and statistics. Specialising can be a good thing - I'm (hopefully) now a 'good' statistics teacher because I've taught S1 and S2 many times. If my school asked me to teach mechanics then I would happily oblige, but having never studied nor taught mechanics, I'd have to teach myself first. Will this change under the new A level? Will I be required to teach a bit of everything? Not necessarily.
Under the new A level specification, if the final exams at the end of Year 13 are weighted as follows:
then here's one possible teaching structure:
Modular to linear
For those of us who have only ever taught modular A level, some things will take a bit of getting used to. The loss of AS level is a notable change. Most schools have already moved to a 'three subject' model, so even though maths students are still taking AS level exams in 2016 and 2017, many will continue to study maths in Year 13 regardless of their AS result. Previously students who got a D or below at AS typically dropped maths at the end of Year 12.
Although AS levels will still exist under the A level reforms, the majority of students will need three A levels for their university applications so very few will be willing to drop down to AS in Year 13 if they're struggling.
We will need to think very carefully about how to assess students throughout the course, particularly as we will be making UCAS predictions based on Year 12 internal exam results. I hope that the exam boards provide some internal assessment resources.
It's interesting that many of the topics that we'll teach over the two year course will not be assessed in the final exams. At the moment we know that almost every topic we teach will be assessed, in fact we can often predict what the questions will look like. The new linear A level will have a lower total assessment time so there will be a lot of topics that don't come up in the final exams at the end of Year 13.
Resources and subject knowledge
The content of A Level Maths is set to change - not substantially, but enough that many schools will buy new textbooks. We will need resources for the new topics (more so for Further Maths). My blog already has fairly comprehensive A level resource libraries and I hope it will eventually become a source of support and resources for the new A level too.
Teachers may need training in how to deliver new topics and use technology (ie new calculator functions). I hope this will all be centrally funded - it shouldn't be down to individual schools to pay for essential training resulting from curriculum changes. No doubt the FMSP and Maths Hubs will offer CPD and support. The best time for training will probably be June/July 2017, once we've got the first sitting of the 9-1 GCSE over with.
The structuring and resourcing of schemes of work for the new A level will take a lot of time and effort during school year 2016/17.
MEI's Frequently Asked Questions and the FMSP's list of changes to AS/A level Mathematics are useful. MEI has also produced a video summarising the changes:
The DfE's specifications are here: AS and A level Maths and AS and A level Further Maths.
I'll be at a number of events over the coming months where A level changes will be discussed, including Maths in the Sticks on 24th April, the Edexcel Maths Conference 2016 on 2nd July and the East Midlands KS5 Mathematics Conference 2016 on 9th August.
The exam boards' specifications and sample assessment materials will be published in June.
Do let me know your thoughts about the upcoming A level changes via Twitter or by commenting below.